The Buckingham Palace has a history of more than 500 years that changed hands on numerous occasions and the building that is standing today is the structure built in the early 1700s. The Buckingham Palace is the house of the Queen of England. It is in the City of Westminster and hosts several state entertainment, Royal occasions and is now the tourist attraction as well.
The Buckingham Palace Site
The Buckingham Palace is besides the river Tyburn. The land had many owners including the Edward the confessor, William the conqueror, Edith of Wessex and Geoffrey de Mandeville who donated it to the Westminster Abbey monks. The turning point came when Henry VIII in 1531 bought the property. This was the first time that the Buckingham Palace had come back in royal hands after the Conqueror gave it 500 years earlier.
The first buildings of Buckingham Palace
In 1624, the first house was built under Sir William Blake’s orders. This was a high controversial period with missing documentation, legal arguments, royal approval omissions and lots of confusion regarding the owner of the site. The first building was Goring House that was burnt down in 1674; now there is Arlington House that is the south wing of the palace today.
The Duke of Buckingham and Normandy in 1703 planned to build a house and this is the Buckingham Palace central part today. Buckingham House in 1761 was sold for £21,000 to George III and acquired it as a Royal family retreat. St James’s Palace also has the ceremonial and official royal residence in the front and visitors now are welcomed into the St James Court while they visit Buckingham Palace.
The transformation to official residence
In 1837 Queen Victoria occupied the throne and it became the Royal official residence. Initially, Buckingham Palace was in shambles with terrible working conditions, lazy staff, poor heating and untidy environment. In 1840, Queen Victoria married Prince Albert and he reorganized the situation completely and the emergence of the Buckingham Palace is as of now today.
The original building has new added areas now housing several Royal family members and staff members working full time. The visible side is the East Front facing the Mall and the balcony from which the Royal family and the Queen acknowledge public.
The Palace went neglected after Prince Albert’s death. The Queen went to live in Windsor Castle, Osborne House and Balmoral Castle, though Buckingham Palace officially remained the Royal family’s focal point.
The Buckingham Palace interiors
The Palace has impressive rooms with 77,000 Sq.mtr floor space to conduct various functions and entertainment. This palace has its own picture gallery featuring the many priceless works of Rembrandt, Vermeer, Rubens and Van Dyck.
Buckingham Palace has numerous state rooms in the names of VIP visitors. There are 19 staterooms, 92 offices, 188 staff bedrooms, 52 principal bedrooms and massive 78 bathrooms. Many attempts were made to bomb this palace resulting in major damage to surrounding buildings, but the Royal family lasted up to modern times and has a good relationship with the UK public.
The Buckingham Palace of modern day
In 1993 the Royal family opened the Buckingham Palace to the public and tourists to increase income for the Royal household. Technically the Queen owns Buckingham Palace and the Windsor Castle, together with the current monarch possessions held in trust for the Queens successors and for the entire is held in trust for the nation. The Royal residence receives more than 50,000 guests every year.
Image source: Image credit: <a href=’http://www.123rf.com/photo_10766590_buckingham-palace-in-london.html’>avella2010 / 123RF Stock Photo</a>